Comprehensive indicators of traffic-related premature mortality

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a la publicaciónArticle

  • 1 Citas

Resumen

Motor vehicle circulation is associated with multiple social benefits; nevertheless, it is widely acknowledged that it also produces a variety of adverse health effects, of which the most relevant are associated with mortality from road accidents and exposure to atmospheric pollution. Though in Chile these impacts have been quantified and evaluated independently, no indicators have been developed so far to account for this activitys global impact on public health, or to express the individual impact that can be attributed to each vehicle category. In order to fill this void, the present study aimed at designing and quantifying indicators that account for the global impact on health that different motor vehicle categories impose on Chilean society. Health impact was quantified as the number of expected premature deaths caused by road accidents and exposure to atmospheric pollutants. Total premature mortality was understood as the total annual deaths that occurred as a consequence of road accidents and the exposure to O 3 and PM 2.5 derived from traffic-related emissions of its precursors. All estimations were made considering Chiles Metropolitan Region in 2005 as a basic scenario. Differentiated indicators were obtained for 15 vehicle categories as a function of different parameters: traveled kilometer, vehicle, and vehicle lifetime. According to our results, when the health impact of traffic accidents and exposure to traffic-related air pollution are considered simultaneously, major differences were observed with the indicators traditionally used by regulators involved in the traffic-related decision-making process. The implications of our results on risk management strategies are discussed.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde - hasta)1117-1139
Número de páginas23
PublicaciónJournal of Risk Research
Volumen15
Número de edición9
Identificadores de objetos digitales
EstadoPublished - 1 oct 2012

Huella dactilar

impact
indicator
means of transport
traffic accident
traffic
health
Highway accidents
Health
Mortality
mortality
category
Chile
motor vehicle
death
Scenarios
Public health
Risk management
Air pollution
Pollution
social benefits

Keywords

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
    • Engineering(all)
    • Strategy and Management
    • Social Sciences(all)

    Citar esto

    Jimenez, Raquel Beatriz; Bronfman, Nicolas Caceres / Comprehensive indicators of traffic-related premature mortality.

    En: Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 15, N.º 9, 01.10.2012, p. 1117-1139.

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a la publicaciónArticle

    @article{6fac51558e714609b3bfa2c3fefc591f,
    title = "Comprehensive indicators of traffic-related premature mortality",
    abstract = "Motor vehicle circulation is associated with multiple social benefits; nevertheless, it is widely acknowledged that it also produces a variety of adverse health effects, of which the most relevant are associated with mortality from road accidents and exposure to atmospheric pollution. Though in Chile these impacts have been quantified and evaluated independently, no indicators have been developed so far to account for this activitys global impact on public health, or to express the individual impact that can be attributed to each vehicle category. In order to fill this void, the present study aimed at designing and quantifying indicators that account for the global impact on health that different motor vehicle categories impose on Chilean society. Health impact was quantified as the number of expected premature deaths caused by road accidents and exposure to atmospheric pollutants. Total premature mortality was understood as the total annual deaths that occurred as a consequence of road accidents and the exposure to O 3 and PM 2.5 derived from traffic-related emissions of its precursors. All estimations were made considering Chiles Metropolitan Region in 2005 as a basic scenario. Differentiated indicators were obtained for 15 vehicle categories as a function of different parameters: traveled kilometer, vehicle, and vehicle lifetime. According to our results, when the health impact of traffic accidents and exposure to traffic-related air pollution are considered simultaneously, major differences were observed with the indicators traditionally used by regulators involved in the traffic-related decision-making process. The implications of our results on risk management strategies are discussed.",
    keywords = "assessment, exposure to traffic-related air pollution, health impact, motorized vehicles, traffic accidents, traffic-related premature mortality",
    author = "Jimenez, {Raquel Beatriz} and Bronfman, {Nicolas Caceres}",
    year = "2012",
    month = "10",
    doi = "10.1080/13669877.2012.705314",
    volume = "15",
    pages = "1117--1139",
    journal = "Journal of Risk Research",
    issn = "1366-9877",
    publisher = "Routledge",
    number = "9",

    }

    Comprehensive indicators of traffic-related premature mortality. / Jimenez, Raquel Beatriz; Bronfman, Nicolas Caceres.

    En: Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 15, N.º 9, 01.10.2012, p. 1117-1139.

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a la publicaciónArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Comprehensive indicators of traffic-related premature mortality

    AU - Jimenez,Raquel Beatriz

    AU - Bronfman,Nicolas Caceres

    PY - 2012/10/1

    Y1 - 2012/10/1

    N2 - Motor vehicle circulation is associated with multiple social benefits; nevertheless, it is widely acknowledged that it also produces a variety of adverse health effects, of which the most relevant are associated with mortality from road accidents and exposure to atmospheric pollution. Though in Chile these impacts have been quantified and evaluated independently, no indicators have been developed so far to account for this activitys global impact on public health, or to express the individual impact that can be attributed to each vehicle category. In order to fill this void, the present study aimed at designing and quantifying indicators that account for the global impact on health that different motor vehicle categories impose on Chilean society. Health impact was quantified as the number of expected premature deaths caused by road accidents and exposure to atmospheric pollutants. Total premature mortality was understood as the total annual deaths that occurred as a consequence of road accidents and the exposure to O 3 and PM 2.5 derived from traffic-related emissions of its precursors. All estimations were made considering Chiles Metropolitan Region in 2005 as a basic scenario. Differentiated indicators were obtained for 15 vehicle categories as a function of different parameters: traveled kilometer, vehicle, and vehicle lifetime. According to our results, when the health impact of traffic accidents and exposure to traffic-related air pollution are considered simultaneously, major differences were observed with the indicators traditionally used by regulators involved in the traffic-related decision-making process. The implications of our results on risk management strategies are discussed.

    AB - Motor vehicle circulation is associated with multiple social benefits; nevertheless, it is widely acknowledged that it also produces a variety of adverse health effects, of which the most relevant are associated with mortality from road accidents and exposure to atmospheric pollution. Though in Chile these impacts have been quantified and evaluated independently, no indicators have been developed so far to account for this activitys global impact on public health, or to express the individual impact that can be attributed to each vehicle category. In order to fill this void, the present study aimed at designing and quantifying indicators that account for the global impact on health that different motor vehicle categories impose on Chilean society. Health impact was quantified as the number of expected premature deaths caused by road accidents and exposure to atmospheric pollutants. Total premature mortality was understood as the total annual deaths that occurred as a consequence of road accidents and the exposure to O 3 and PM 2.5 derived from traffic-related emissions of its precursors. All estimations were made considering Chiles Metropolitan Region in 2005 as a basic scenario. Differentiated indicators were obtained for 15 vehicle categories as a function of different parameters: traveled kilometer, vehicle, and vehicle lifetime. According to our results, when the health impact of traffic accidents and exposure to traffic-related air pollution are considered simultaneously, major differences were observed with the indicators traditionally used by regulators involved in the traffic-related decision-making process. The implications of our results on risk management strategies are discussed.

    KW - assessment

    KW - exposure to traffic-related air pollution

    KW - health impact

    KW - motorized vehicles

    KW - traffic accidents

    KW - traffic-related premature mortality

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84868116351&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1080/13669877.2012.705314

    DO - 10.1080/13669877.2012.705314

    M3 - Article

    VL - 15

    SP - 1117

    EP - 1139

    JO - Journal of Risk Research

    T2 - Journal of Risk Research

    JF - Journal of Risk Research

    SN - 1366-9877

    IS - 9

    ER -