Trust and risk perception of natural hazards: implications for risk preparedness in Chile

Nicolás C. Bronfman, Pamela C. Cisternas, Esperanza López-Vázquez, Luis A. Cifuentes

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a la publicaciónArticle

  • 1 Citas

Resumen

It has been found that both preparedness for disasters and public response are significantly influenced by risk perceptions and trust in authorities and experts. Although Chile is a country with a long history of natural disasters, few studies have evaluated the risk perceptions of natural hazards or the degree of social trust. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk perception in Chile regarding various natural hazards and the degree of trust on authorities and institutions. A survey was conducted in five major cities in Chile during the year 2013 and was completed by a total sum of 2054 participants. We assessed risk perception of nine natural hazards and the level of trust in ten national institutions and authorities. According to declared levels of trust, the institutions and authorities included in this study were categorized into three groups: (1) low trust, which included governmental authorities and institutions; (2) medium trust, formed by institutions with educational and preparation roles; and (3) high trust, formed by institutions and authorities responsible for maintaining public order and conducting rescue and aid operations. Although our results show that earthquakes, tsunamis and wildfires were natural hazards of greatest concern to the national population, they also reflect that there are specific additional concerns in different cities that are coherent with their individual history of natural disasters. Implications for natural disaster risk preparedness are discussed.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde - hasta)307-327
Número de páginas21
PublicaciónNatural Hazards
Volumen81
Número de edición1
Identificadores de objetos digitales
EstadoPublished - 1 mar 2016

Huella dactilar

risk perception
natural hazard
natural disaster
history
wildfire
tsunami
aid
disaster
earthquake

Keywords

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Water Science and Technology

    Citar esto

    Bronfman, Nicolás C.; Cisternas, Pamela C.; López-Vázquez, Esperanza; Cifuentes, Luis A. / Trust and risk perception of natural hazards : implications for risk preparedness in Chile.

    En: Natural Hazards, Vol. 81, N.º 1, 01.03.2016, p. 307-327.

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a la publicaciónArticle

    @article{0d8e9c61b92f426a8a3b7db738308778,
    title = "Trust and risk perception of natural hazards: implications for risk preparedness in Chile",
    abstract = "It has been found that both preparedness for disasters and public response are significantly influenced by risk perceptions and trust in authorities and experts. Although Chile is a country with a long history of natural disasters, few studies have evaluated the risk perceptions of natural hazards or the degree of social trust. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk perception in Chile regarding various natural hazards and the degree of trust on authorities and institutions. A survey was conducted in five major cities in Chile during the year 2013 and was completed by a total sum of 2054 participants. We assessed risk perception of nine natural hazards and the level of trust in ten national institutions and authorities. According to declared levels of trust, the institutions and authorities included in this study were categorized into three groups: (1) low trust, which included governmental authorities and institutions; (2) medium trust, formed by institutions with educational and preparation roles; and (3) high trust, formed by institutions and authorities responsible for maintaining public order and conducting rescue and aid operations. Although our results show that earthquakes, tsunamis and wildfires were natural hazards of greatest concern to the national population, they also reflect that there are specific additional concerns in different cities that are coherent with their individual history of natural disasters. Implications for natural disaster risk preparedness are discussed.",
    keywords = "Natural disasters, Risk perception, Risk preparedness, Risk profile, Trust",
    author = "Bronfman, {Nicolás C.} and Cisternas, {Pamela C.} and Esperanza López-Vázquez and Cifuentes, {Luis A.}",
    year = "2016",
    month = "3",
    doi = "10.1007/s11069-015-2080-4",
    volume = "81",
    pages = "307--327",
    journal = "Natural Hazards",
    issn = "0921-030X",
    publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
    number = "1",

    }

    Bronfman, NC, Cisternas, PC, López-Vázquez, E & Cifuentes, LA 2016, 'Trust and risk perception of natural hazards: implications for risk preparedness in Chile' Natural Hazards, vol. 81, n.º 1, pp. 307-327. DOI: 10.1007/s11069-015-2080-4

    Trust and risk perception of natural hazards : implications for risk preparedness in Chile. / Bronfman, Nicolás C.; Cisternas, Pamela C.; López-Vázquez, Esperanza; Cifuentes, Luis A.

    En: Natural Hazards, Vol. 81, N.º 1, 01.03.2016, p. 307-327.

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a la publicaciónArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Trust and risk perception of natural hazards

    T2 - Natural Hazards

    AU - Bronfman,Nicolás C.

    AU - Cisternas,Pamela C.

    AU - López-Vázquez,Esperanza

    AU - Cifuentes,Luis A.

    PY - 2016/3/1

    Y1 - 2016/3/1

    N2 - It has been found that both preparedness for disasters and public response are significantly influenced by risk perceptions and trust in authorities and experts. Although Chile is a country with a long history of natural disasters, few studies have evaluated the risk perceptions of natural hazards or the degree of social trust. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk perception in Chile regarding various natural hazards and the degree of trust on authorities and institutions. A survey was conducted in five major cities in Chile during the year 2013 and was completed by a total sum of 2054 participants. We assessed risk perception of nine natural hazards and the level of trust in ten national institutions and authorities. According to declared levels of trust, the institutions and authorities included in this study were categorized into three groups: (1) low trust, which included governmental authorities and institutions; (2) medium trust, formed by institutions with educational and preparation roles; and (3) high trust, formed by institutions and authorities responsible for maintaining public order and conducting rescue and aid operations. Although our results show that earthquakes, tsunamis and wildfires were natural hazards of greatest concern to the national population, they also reflect that there are specific additional concerns in different cities that are coherent with their individual history of natural disasters. Implications for natural disaster risk preparedness are discussed.

    AB - It has been found that both preparedness for disasters and public response are significantly influenced by risk perceptions and trust in authorities and experts. Although Chile is a country with a long history of natural disasters, few studies have evaluated the risk perceptions of natural hazards or the degree of social trust. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk perception in Chile regarding various natural hazards and the degree of trust on authorities and institutions. A survey was conducted in five major cities in Chile during the year 2013 and was completed by a total sum of 2054 participants. We assessed risk perception of nine natural hazards and the level of trust in ten national institutions and authorities. According to declared levels of trust, the institutions and authorities included in this study were categorized into three groups: (1) low trust, which included governmental authorities and institutions; (2) medium trust, formed by institutions with educational and preparation roles; and (3) high trust, formed by institutions and authorities responsible for maintaining public order and conducting rescue and aid operations. Although our results show that earthquakes, tsunamis and wildfires were natural hazards of greatest concern to the national population, they also reflect that there are specific additional concerns in different cities that are coherent with their individual history of natural disasters. Implications for natural disaster risk preparedness are discussed.

    KW - Natural disasters

    KW - Risk perception

    KW - Risk preparedness

    KW - Risk profile

    KW - Trust

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84957840680&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s11069-015-2080-4

    DO - 10.1007/s11069-015-2080-4

    M3 - Article

    VL - 81

    SP - 307

    EP - 327

    JO - Natural Hazards

    JF - Natural Hazards

    SN - 0921-030X

    IS - 1

    ER -

    Bronfman NC, Cisternas PC, López-Vázquez E, Cifuentes LA. Trust and risk perception of natural hazards: implications for risk preparedness in Chile. Natural Hazards. 2016 mar 1;81(1):307-327. Disponible desde, DOI: 10.1007/s11069-015-2080-4